degree of the
Also, the first degree of the relative
scale, e.g. A
La, in the
major scale and
the first degree of the a-minor scale.
Lacrimoso: Tearful, mournful.
Lament: A mournful
piece, either meant to be played at a funeral, or to commemorate a death.
Lamento: (Ita) Mournful, sad.
cadence that moves in the
used primarily by Francesco Landini, and later by other
Largamente: (Ita) Broadly.
Not quite as slow a
largo. Between 60 and 66
beats per minute.
of between 40 and 60
beats per minute.
of the diatonic
scale, when it is only a
half-step below the
tonic. It is
called "leading" because it gives the feeling of wanting to move up a
half-step toward the
Leap: The movement of a
single musical line by more than a
second at a time.
Lines written above or below the staff
to help indicate the
for notes written outside of it.
Leggiero: (Ita) Light; graceful.
"Leading Motive". Use of a musical
phrase to identify with a certain
person, place or thing in a dramatic work, especially an
usually repeated every time its referent appeared in the work.
Lent: The season of the
church year from Ash Wednesday to Easter (40 days, not counting Sundays).
Lento: Slow; slightly
faster than largo, slower than
Libretto: The text (lyrics
and any spoken parts) of an opera or
A German art song, usually those of the
Organizzata: Built in a
Guitar shape with a rotating wheel that produces its
sound. The sounds are like that of a
and bellows are used. It was introduced to Latin America from the Far East and
Spain in the Middle
Ages at that time called an
Italian for Lira
Litany: A set of
prayers recited by a leader alternating with responses by the congregation,
often set in
prescribed order of worship in a church, usually used in reference to the
Locrian Mode: A
whose scale pattern is that of playing
B on the white keys of a
While this mode theoretically existed in
medieval times, it was never used.
Lullaby: A cradle
Lute: A lute refers to anyone of a variety of plucked stringed
European descent popular from the 16 to 18th centuries. Its oblong, rounded and
pear-shaped body has a flat soundboard on which the strings are attached to its
fretted neck. Normally, the lute has five sets of double
strings plus a single, longer highest string. Various numbers and configurations
of the strings have existed over history. Other types of lutes include the small
mandora and a bass lute, pandora, and the very largest lutes, the chitarrone and
Lute Harpsichord: This
Harpsichord has a sound intended to imitate
the sound of the lute. It was popular in Germany during the
Lydian Mode: A
pattern is that of playing
on the white keys of a Piano.
Also known as
Viola Bastarda, whose strange name came from its tuning and
shape. It is cross between
Lyra): This ancient Greet
instrument was played by Apollo, Greek god of
The body was made of wood or tortoise shell. Its curved arms hold five to twelve
gut strings. It was plucked with a plectrum.
Lyric: 1. The words to
a song. 2. In a singing and melodious manner.
A female singer with a slightly higher range than a
Lyric Tenor: A
male singer with a slightly higher range
than a Dramatic