technique of composition, in which one part introduces a
subject which is then
answered by the other parts by
the same theme later in the work. This term is usually applied to
fugal passages in choral
movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Inspired by the
French impressionist painters, the movement had its impetus in the
Debussy and Ravel.
A stylistic period of composition that sought to put to
music only the most
immediate, direct impressions, upon the
composer, of a given
Impressionism avoided traditional harmony of
employing more often quartal
short, improvisational-sounding piece.
Spontaneous Composition. The performance of
music that is composed on the
spur-of-the moment by the performer, usually as a
Also used extensively in jazz.
segments that accompany, or highlight dramatic moments in, a play,
or other stage work.
Instrument: Any device that produces a
Instrumental: Music performed on intruments, not sung.
The art of composing, orchestrating or arranging
works for an instrumental ensemble.
music used to
bridge the acts of a play, or the verses of a
The preparatory section,
phrase of a
distance between two notes, in terms of oscillations per second. The difference
in one half-step is about 35 beats per
second. eg: The
difference in pitch between two
"Entrance". A psalm sung at the start of the Roman Catholic
short, contrapuntal piece.
applied to music
the term may be used in both melody and
Melodic inversion: an exchange of ascending and
descending movement, e.g. C up to
F in descending becomes
C down to
inversion: the position of the chord is changed from
(root on the lowest
to first inversion, with the third, or
second inversion, with the
fifth in the lowest voice.
An example: root position
C-E-G; first inversion e-g-C;
To sum up it is the different forms that a
chord may take by changing the
member that is the bass of the
Counterpoint: counterpoint in which two or
more voices can be interchanged for one another.
Ionian Mode: A
scale pattern is that of playing
C on the white keys of a
scale is identical to a
Irish Harp: This
instrument became a national symbol. The Irish harp is carved from a
single piece of wood and originally had 30 to 36 metal strings. Gut or synthetic
strings are used now.
Ironico: (Ita) Ironical.
Italian Sixth Chord:
An augmented sixth chord, which contains a only
tones, as opposed to a
German Sixth Chord, or
a French Sixth Chord.